Somalia's eight-year transition ended in September 2012, with the peaceful handover of power from the leadership of the Transitional Federal Institutions to a new Federal Government. A provisional constitution paves the way for the re-building and consolidation of new, representative federal institutions by the end of 2016, when popular elections are due. Against the backdrop of an improving yet fragile security situation, the new federal institutions of Somalia are tasked with establishing a viable federal state that will end years of transitional governance and usher in a permanent political order.
Somalia is now on a path to emerge from fragility. It is re-asserting its sovereignty and taking both ownership of and responsibility for its future. To do so, it has embarked on a political reconstruction process, guided by the New Deal principles for fragile states agreed in Busan in 2011. A milestone of this process is the adoption of a Compact, which provides a new political, security and developmental architecture that will help frame the future relations between Somalia, its people and the international community. This is the beginning, not end, of Somalia's political and socio-economic reconstruction process.
As key partners, Somalia and the European Union (EU) co-host a High Level Conference on A New Deal for Somalia in Brussels on 16 September 2013. The conference's underlying objective is to sustain the positive momentum in Somalia, to ensure that the country stays on the path to stability, peace and brings prosperity to its people. The Brussels conference therefore brings together the international community and Somalia to endorse this Compact, pledge support to enable its implementation and, above all, re-commit to this new political process.
Link to the conference website: http://www.somalia-newdeal-conference.eu/about
From July to September 2013, the Ministry of Finance and Planning held public consultations in Mogadishu, Galkayo, Baidoa and Garowe, asking the people of Somalia about the priorities that should determine government and development partner policies. The consultation process, baptised 'the Fragility Assessment' takes public policy to the grass roots level.
"The New Deal needs to earn public confidence and what better way than to put the people at the heart of the process," explains His Excellency Mohamoud Hassan Suleiman, Somali Finance Minister. "We are speaking to civil society organizations, women's groups, elders, religious leaders and other groups"
The consultation process will continue across the country after the Brussels conference to seek the views of civil society, academics, youth, private sector and local administrations, to deepen the government's understanding of the causes of fragility and drivers of resilience.
On 14 May 2013, the Government of Somalia officially launched the New Deal with a high-level event in Mogadishu. The Prime Minister of Somalia opened the meeting. Speakers and participants included cabinet ministers, Ambassadors, Heads of Development Agencies, representatives from civil society, private sector, parliament and other g7+ countries. At the centre of discussions stood the critical importance of an inclusive and participatory approach to the New Deal, the need to develop the capacities of the Somali authorities and the necessity of a strong aid coordination structure with a funding facility. The event received extensive media coverage.